"Composite magnetic systems created by atom manipulation "

Who: Deung-Jang Choi, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg, Germany

Place: Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC).Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal, 4 , Donostia

Date: Friday, 30 May 2014, 12:00

Composite magnetic systems created by atom manipulation

Deung-Jang Choi
Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter,Hamburg,Germany

E-mail: deung-jang.choi@mpsd.mpg.de

A sub-Kelvin scanning tunneling microscope (STM) allows us to build atomic model
structures to engineer Spin Hamiltonians. For the first part of my talk, I will present
how to manipulate atoms of different transition metal elements and construct atomic
chains with different composition and size. These chains form a highly correlated
spin doublet ground state exhibiting a Kondo resonance. We studied temperature
and magnetic field dependence to confirm the Kondo effect in this composite
magnetic system. It is revealed that the occurrence of the Kondo resonance
sensitively depends on the length of the atomic chain and the spin anisotropy energy
of each atom. DFT calculations and transport simulations in 2nd order Born
approximation are carried out to describe the system. We build chains with different
elemental composition and obtain various spin ground states. In this way, we can
tailor the doublet ground state on and off. Such composite magnetic chains present a
fruitful experimental model spin system to explore many-body effects and make it
possible to engineer real-world implementations of complex Spin Hamiltonian.

By combining radio-frequency circuitry with sub-Kelvin STM, fast electric pump-probe
pulses of nanosecond duration can be introduced into the tunneling junction with high
fidelity. Second part of my talk is how to apply this technique to study dynamics of Fe
trimers which can be assembled with the tip of the STM by placing Fe atoms in a
regular pattern on copper nitride surface on Cu(100). The spin relaxation time of Fe
trimers is found to be extremely sensitive to variations in their environment. This
sensitivity can be used to sense the presence of another spin. By attaching a
transition metal atom to the STM tip and approaching it to the nanostructure on the
surface we deduce the coupling strength between the magnetic atoms. Furthermore,
the magnetic state of long-lived spin chains can be sensed even at several
nanometers distance by minute changes of the Fe trimer's spin relaxation time. This
work paves the way to study and control spin dynamics of nanostructures with
precisely tunable spin environments.




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